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Please use the URL link at the end of the items description to the image.

Brisbane River, view up the river opposite the Hamilton Hotel 

Type:   Painting

Current Location: Queensland Art Gallery

Creator: Artist Isaac Walter Jenner

Where Made: Brisbane

Description: Oil painting on cardboard. 12.8 x 20.2cm.
Curator's notes: Brisbane was still an unsophisticated town when Isaac Walter Jenner and his
family moved here in 1883 and the regular sale of paintings to support his
artistic practice would not have been easy. Consequently, in 1887, Jenner held
an art union of his oils, watercolours and drawings he had brought with him and
which largely featured English subjects. Although he continued to paint English
subjects to satisfy his largely immigrant audience''s nostalgia for `home'' (an
English subject was on his easel when he died), his Queensland subjects have
retained the greatest interest. The Queensland Art Gallery possesses a pair of
paintings executed in 1885, `Hamilton Reach'' and a `(View of Brisbane)'' (Acc.
nos. 1986.035 and 1986.036), which demonstrate that Jenner did address himself
to supplying the market with local scenes soon after his arrival.
The Hamilton Reach of the Brisbane River was a subject that readily lent itself
to the pictorial conventions of the late nineteenth century. The group of trees
in the middle of Jenner''s painting forms a distinctive and picturesque group.
The composition of this painting is especially interesting - its focus is the
gap between the group of tree trunks at the centre. The bright rosy pinks of the
setting sun and its reflection in the waters of the Brisbane River successfully
balance the darker mass of trees on the river bank on the right. This scene was
a subject favoured by other artists of the period such as Henry Rielly and
Julian Rossi Ashton when they sketched in Brisbane.
The Hamilton Reach is the most readily identifiable subject of this group of
four Jenners which are dated 1894. Although clearly of the Brisbane River, the
subjects of the other three are not so familiar. When the paintings were
unframed, however, titles were found inscribed in the artist''s hand on the back
of each panel - this is an unusual occurrence. They were: `Brisbane River, view
up the river opposite the Hamilton Hotel'', `Brisbane River, Bulimba Reach'' (Acc
no. 2004.194.002), `Brisbane River, Garden Reach from near dry dock looking down
river'' (Acc no. 2004.194.003) and `Brisbane River, from North Quay looking
towards Toowong''(Acc no. 2004.194.004). A matched set of paintings with
identified locations is extremely rare in colonial Brisbane. Additionally,
although we are well used to precise detail in Jenner''s work, his exquisite,
almost miniaturist touch in this group of paintings is remarkable.
The four paintings were received from the Estate of Dr Patricia Marks (1918-
2002), granddaughter of the prominent Brisbane physician Charles Ferdinand Marks
(1852-1941). According to family history the works were presented to Dr Marks
for the help he had given Jenner and his family. An inscription found on the
backing board of one of the works, which also appears to be in the artist''s
hand, `Mr Hon Dr. C. Marks 101 Wickham Tce.'', affirms the artist''s deep regard
for his patron (Acc. no. 2004.194.002).
It is interesting to note that all the paintings focus on the Brisbane River,
the transportation lifeline of the city, and reinforce Jenner''s reputation as a
marine artist. A broadening of the scope of art history in recent decades has
led to the valuing of works of art as visual documents. Australian cities were
founded in the nineteenth century when there was extensive visual recording of
the progress of settlement. Views such as these by Jenner reinforce the value of
historical, cultural and social studies.
Glenn, R. Cooke, Research Curator, Queensland Heritage, Aug 2004.
.

Queensland Art Gallery image:
http://collection.qag.qld.gov.au/qag/imu.php?request=display&port=45000&id=c9d4&flag=ecatalogue&offset=8&count=default&view=details

Gift from the Estate of Dr Elizabeth (Pat) Marks through the Queensland Art Gallery Foundation 2004

2004.194.001

Please use the URL link at the end of the items description to the image.

Brisbane River, Bulimba Reach 

Type:   Painting

Current Location: Queensland Art Gallery

Creator: Artist Isaac Walter Jenner

Where Made: Brisbane

Description: Oil painting on cardboard. 12.8 x 20cm.

Qld Art Gallery image:
http://collection.qag.qld.gov.au/qag/imu.php?request=display&port=45000&id=8af9&flag=ecatalogue&offset=1&count=default&view=details

Curator's notes: The suburb of Bulimba was largely a rural and agricultural area for most of the
nineteenth century. In 1849 David McConnel bought land at `Tugulawa'' and began
the construction of Bulimba House. This was one of the first grand houses built
in Brisbane and the earliest stone house to survive. Donald Coutts later bought
the estate and, in 1864, auctioned off much of the land which was subsequently
divided into farms. In 1865 coal and some alluvial gold was found in the area,
but it remained primarily rural.
A boat building industry also began in the 1860s with names like Crouch and
Wright achieving local fame. In 1880 another industrial complex, the Apollo
Candleworks was established, and a tin smelting works shortly afterwards. By
1894 when Isaac Walter Jenner painted `Bulimba Reach, Brisbane River'' the
industrial activity of the suburb had progressed even further as attested by his
inclusion of several smokestacks in the painting. The steam and sail boats on
the river further the impression of a busy port.
For further information on this work see Acc. no. 2004.194.001 `Additional
information''.
Glenn, R. Cooke, Research Curator, Queensland Heritage, Aug. 2004.

Gift from the Estate of Dr Elizabeth (Pat) Marks through the Queensland Art Gallery Foundation 2004

2004.194.002

Please use the URL link at the end of the items description to the image.

Brisbane River, Garden Reach from near dry dock looking down river 

Type:   Painting

Current Location: Queensland Art Gallery

Creator: Artist Isaac Walter Jenner

Where Made: Brisbane

Description: Oil painting on cardboard, 12.8 x 20cm.

Queensland Art Gallery image:
http://collection.qag.qld.gov.au/qag/imu.php?request=display&port=45000&id=c9d4&flag=ecatalogue&offset=3&count=default&view=details

Curator's notes: For biographical information see Acc. no. 1990.263.001 `Additional information''.
Isaac Walter Jenner''s painting `Brisbane River, Garden Reach'' depicts the banks
of the river at Kangaroo Point, opposite the Brisbane City Botanic Gardens. The
foreshore littered with lumber suggests the activity of industry. This is
confirmed by an image of the adjacent stretch of riverbank by Brisbane
photographer Poul C. Poulsen. This photograph in the Queensland Art Gallery
Collection `(Railway line at river front)'' 1880s (Acc. no. 2002.160), is taken
from almost the same vantage point as Jenner''s but captures the scene from the
opposite direction. Kangaroo Point developed as a major industrial area during
the twentieth century, and the site of Evans and Deakin, one of the most famous
engineering and shipbuilding firms in Australia. Such industry reinforces the
importance of the river to the development of Brisbane itself.

Gift from the Estate of Dr Elizabeth (Pat) Marks through the Queensland Art Gallery Foundation 2004

2004.194.003

Please use the URL link at the end of the items description to the image.

Brisbane River, from North Quay looking towards Toowong 

Type:   Painting

Current Location: Queensland Art Gallery

Creator: Artist Isaac Walter Jenner

Where Made: Brisbane

Description: Oil painting on cardboard, 12.8 x 20.2cm.

Queensland Art Gallery image:
http://collection.qag.qld.gov.au/qag/imu.php?request=display&port=45000&id=c9d4&flag=ecatalogue&offset=7&count=default&view=details

Curator's notes: The most striking effect of `Brisbane River, from North Quay looking towards
Toowong'' is the sunset above the range - the intense pink of the sky suffuses
the entire painting. Sunset effects are also notable in `Brisbane River, view up
the river opposite the Hamilton Hotel'' (Acc. no. 2004.194.001) and `Brisbane
River, Bulimba Reach'' (Acc. no. 2004.194.004). Descendents of the original
owner have suggested that the sunsets depicted by Isaac Walter Jenner were the
result of the volcanic eruption of Krakatoa. If this is the case, then it is
Jenner''s recollection of an event a decade earlier as Krakatoa erupted on 26
August 1883. When the family arrived in their new home in Brisbane during
September of that year the brilliant sunset effects caused by the volcanic dust
particles in the air would have been pronounced. As a matter of fact, Jenner''s
ship passed by the eruption on its journey to Queensland. He exhibited a
watercolour entitled `SS Roma passing through pumice stone off Krakatoa after an
eruption'' in the 1884 Queensland National Agricultural and Industrial
Association exhibition, Brisbane.

Gift from the Estate of Dr Elizabeth (Pat) Marks through the Queensland Art Gallery Foundation 2004

2004.194.004

Please use the URL link at the end of the items description to the image.

A hillside on the road to Mt Mee 

Type:   Photograph

Current Location: Queensland Art Gallery

Creator: SIMMONDS, Rose

Where Made: Queensland

Description: Bromoil photograph on paper, 15.6 x 23.8cm.

Gift of Dr Elizabeth Marks 1982

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